What are Sentence Brackets?
The conjugated verb remains in Position 2, but the Prefix or second verb is at the end of the sentence.
This creates brackets that contain all of the other information ⇒ Sentence Brackets
- „Ich stehe um 6 Uhr auf.“
When do we use Sentence Brackets?
We use Sentence Brackets when there is a Separable Verbs or more than one verb in a sentence:
That is especially important for Separable Verbs. If the Prefix and the main part of the verb are both at the end, we do not separate them anymore.
- „Ich stehe früh auf.“
⇒ with Sentence Brackets because it's a main clause and the verb is in P2.
- „Ich gehe zeitig ins Bett, weil ich immer früh aufstehe.“
⇒ No sentence brackets are needed because it's a subordinate clause. The Prefix and the verb remain together at the end of the sentence ⇒ We do not separate them.
- Partizip 2: aufgestanden
- When there are two verbs in the sentence, the conjugated verb is in position 2 and the second verb always is at the end of the sentence.
- If the separable verb is at the end of the sentence, we do NOT separate it!.
- For separable verbs, the verb stem stays in position 2 and the prefix is at the end of the sentence.
Sentence Brackets are used in Main Clauses.
You need Sentence Brackets in the following situations:
More information on German sentence structure and word order: Sentence Structure.
- Word order in Main Clauses
- Word order in Subordinate Clauses
- Differences between Main Clause & Subordinate Clause
- The Subordinate Clause (The Different Types of Subordinate Clause)
- Word order in Question
- Questions with Prepositions
- Indirect Question
- The Position of „nicht“
- Coordinating Conjunctions
- Multi-Part Conjunctions
- Subordinating Conjunctions
- Conjunctional Adverbs
You can find an overview of all topics under German Grammar.