On this page you'll learn everything about verbs with dative complements. Complements are really important to help you know whether you should use the Nominative, Accusative, Dative, or Genitive case.
But first, you have to know what a complement is. If you aren't sure, take a look at this page on Complements in the German language.
There are very few verbs with dative complements. When a verb always has a dative complement, the direct object is in the dative case (not accusative).
- „Wem antwortet sie?“ – „Sie antwortet ihrem Vater.“
"ihrem Vater" → "antworten" has a dative complement → Even when it is the direct object, the dative case must be used.
Free download: List - Verbs with Dative
You should memorize the verbs that use dative complements.
There is no rule explaining all cases.
Marking them with different colors will help you to memorize the cases.
- „Die Frau hilft dem Mann.“
- „Ich glaube meinem Vater.“
- „Die Hose passt mir nicht.“
Normal Sentences / Main Clause:
- A few verbs have a dative complement.
- There is no rule as to which verbs require a dative suffix. You just must know it.
- These verbs require the dative case for the direct object, but prepositions always change the rules.
- If there is a preposition in front of a noun, it is no longer an object, and the following rule applies. → The preposition always determines the case.
Are you still having problems with the German cases?
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You can find more lessons on Verbs here:
- What are Verbs?
- „sein“ and „haben“
- Strong Verbs
- Reflexive Verbs
- Separable & Inseparable Verbs
- Modal Verbs
- The Participle 1 (Present Participle)
- The Participle 2 (Past Participle)
- The Verb „werden“
- The Verb „lassen“
- Subjunctive 1
- Subjunctive 2
- Passive (Usage & Meaning)
- Passive of Action (Vorgangspassiv)
- The Passive in all Tenses (from Active to Passive)
- Verbs without Passive
- Passive of State (Zustandspassiv)
- The Impersonal Passive
- Difference between Indication and Complements
- Verbs with Nominative
- Verbs with Accusative
- Verbs with Double Accusative
- Verbs with Accusative & Dative
- Verbs with Genitive
- Verbs with Prepositions
Lists on the topic of German verbs:
- The 30 Most Important Verbs with Vowel change
- Inseparable Prefixes
- Change Prefixes
- Irregular Participle 2 Forms
- Noun-Verb Compounds
You can find an overview of all topics under German Grammar.