Gender in German – der / die / das

What is the Article Trick (Genus)?

The Gender indicates the sex of the noun, that is, whether it is Masculine (der), Feminine (die), or Neutral (das). In a dictionary you will find the following abbreviations: M = masculine, F = feminine, N = neutral.


  • der Mann“
  • die Frau“
  • das Kind“
  • das Baby“
  • die Flasche“
  • der Eimer“

Which words have a Gender?

Nouns (also called nouns) have a genus and therefore get an Article.

Hint: These are the words you have to capitalize, even if they are not at the beginning of the sentence!

How do we determine the Gender?

The most important rule:

There is no universal rule that works in every situation. In German, you can't tell the gender just by looking at the noun. Always learn the article along with the noun! (Use my vocabulary list sample to prevent difficulties in the future.)

There are no rules, But: There are specific characteristics of the noun that can help you determine the article. These are related to the meaning or the ending of the noun.

Free Download: Noun Vocabulary List Template

Your vocabulary list should include more than just the simple translation. A noun always includes the article and therefore the genus, the plural form and of course an example sentence. If you take the trouble to include this information in your list, you will be able to remember everything much easier and you won't have any problems with the genus and the German articles later on!

Masculine Noun (der):

More endings that (usually!) indicate Masculine nouns: -ig, -ent, -ier, -ist, -or, -ör, -iker, -ast, -eur.

These are the most important ones, but it's still the best to always learn the article together with the meaning of the word.

Feminine Noun (die):

More endings that (usually) indicate Feminine nouns: -anz, -ik, -tät, -ur, -ei, -sis, -ive, -ade.

Neutral Noun (das):

More endings that (usually) indicate Neuter nouns: -tel, -in, -tum, -um, -o, -ma, -ett, 

Compound Nouns

If a noun contains multiple other words that are getting compound, the last noun determines the gender of the compound word.


  • der Schrank + die Tür   = die Schranktür
  • das Bett + die Decke   = die Bettdecke
  • die Hand + das Tuch  = das Handtuch

Recommendation: The Article Trick - guess the articles correctly!

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Gender of Plural Nouns


There is only one form in Plural.

  • „der Ball“ ⇒ „die Bälle"
  • „die Frau“ ⇒ „die Frauen"
  • „das Haus“ ⇒ „die Häuser"

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