What are Nouns?
Nouns are people, places, and things. These can be concrete, real-life things or even abstract ideas: der Mann, der Hund, die Lampe, der Computer, das Wetter, das Licht,....
In German, nouns usually come with an article. Nouns almost always come with an article.
Nouns have a Gender (Genus):
- Masculine (der)
- Feminine (die)
- Neutral (das)
Nouns have a Number (Numerus):
- Singular: der Mann, die Frau, das Kind, das Handy, ...
- Plural: die Männer, die Frauen, die Kinder, die Handys, ...
Nouns must be declined and have a Case (Kasus):
Characteristics of Nouns
Here are a few things about German nouns that you need to know:
1) Nouns have articles:
- „das Haus“
- „die Lampe“
- „das Wetter“
2) All nouns are written with capital letters, always.
3) Compound nouns are written together as one word:
- „der Führerschein“ – der Führer + der Schein
- „die Wasserflasche“ – die Flasche + das Wasser
Are you still having problems with the German cases?
If the German cases still cause you great difficulties, I now have the solution for you!
After you read my book/ebook: „Nominative, Accusative, Dative or Genitive? - No Problem!“ you'll even be able to explain the cases to your friends! Guaranteed - or you'll get your money back!
In the following section you will get a short summary of all topics related to nouns / nouns. If you want more detailed explanations, watch the linked video and/or watch the whole lesson by clicking on the green text.
Gender - der, die or das?
In German, every noun has a gender - masculine, feminine, or neuter. There's no general rule that tell you what the gender is, but there are some guidelines that can help you determine the gender.
Example: „der Mann“, „die Frau“, „das Kind“
To the Lesson: Gender (Genus) - der, die or das?
The Plural - all Forms
There are a number of different ways plural nouns are made in German, and which one you have to use depends on the noun. The possible endings are "-e", "-en", "-er", "-s" and "-r." Unfortunately, there's no general rule telling you which ending to use.
Example: der Baum - die Bäume // das Auto - die Autos
To the Lesson: The Plural - all Forms
The German Cases (Kasus)
In German, nouns can be in the Nominative, Accusative, Dative or Genitive case.
The case tells you what role the noun plays in the sentence. Different cases require you to use different articles and endings as well.
Example: „der Mann“, „den Mann“, „dem Mann“, „des Mannes“
To the Lesson: The German Cases (Kasus)
Sometimes we have to add an „-n“ or „-en“ to the end of nouns - this is called n-declension. At first glance it might seem arbitrary, but I'll explain how you know when you need to add the ending and when you don't.
Example: der Polizist // den Polizisten
To the Lesson: N-Declension
More lessons about Nouns:
- Gender (Genus) der, die or das?
- The German Cases (Kasus)
- The Plural - all Forms
- Nominative - Declension & Usage
- Accusative - Declension & Usage
- Dative - Declension & Usage
- Genitive - Declension & Usage
- N-Declension & Usage
You can find an overview of all topics under German Grammar.