The Future 1 Tense

What is the Future 1 Tense?

The future 1 is the tense we use to express that something will happen in the future.

Examples of the Future 1:

  • „Wir werden ein neues Auto kaufen.“
  • „Er wird wahrscheinlich nicht kommen.“
  • „Es wird morgen regnen.“
  • „Ich werde nach Italien fliegen.“
  • „Ich werde lieb sein, versprochen!“

How to use the Future 1:

We form the future tense with the helping verb „werden“ (conjugated) + the infinitive form of the main verb:

Recommendation: The Verb „werden“

To form the Future Tense 1, you need the verb „werden“. For more details on conjugation, word order and usage of „werden“, there is also a separate lesson: The Verb „werden“

Word Order with the Future 1:

The regular word order with 2 verbs applies here. The conjugated verb „werden“ goes in position 2 (or position 1 if it's a question), and the main verb goes at the end of the sentence.

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When do we use the Future 1?

There are two ways to talk about the future in German:

Future: Future 1

The actual future tense with "werden" is used to express an intention, prediction, or guess: You are not completely sure it will happen

Theoretically, it can always be used, but it expresses some doubt whether it will actually occur.

  • „Er wird nächsten Monat (vielleicht) ein Auto kaufen.“

Future: Simple Present + Time Specification

In spoken language, we normally use the simple present, along with a time specification (i.e. "in 2030," "next year," "tomorrow," etc.), to talk about things that will happen in the future.

There is just one condition that needs to be fulfilled - we need to be quite sure it will happen.

  • „Wir kaufen nächsten Monat ein neues Auto.“
Achtung Hinweis

Warning:

When using this construction, you have to include a time specification in the sentence or the time when the action will happen has to be universally known. Otherwise people will think you are just talking about the present.


Comparison Present Tense + Future Tense 1

  • „Ich werde nach Italien fliegen.“

    (One day, sometime. The flight probably isn’t booked.)
  • „Ich fliege (nächstes Jahr) nach Italien.“

    (That is a firm plan. It will happen for sure)

Related Topic:

Some verbs you have to separate when you conjugate them - Separable Verbs.

Other German Tenses:

What is the general German word order - Sentence Structure

You can find an overview of all topics under German Grammar. 

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