The Future 2 Tense

Do you prefer to read this lesson Future 2 in German? Switch language now!

What is the Future 2 Tense? (Futur 2)

The future 2 is used for assumptions about an action in the past or in the future. It expresses that we think the action took place already or will take place in the future, but we can’t be sure about it.


  • „Er wird das Auto morgen repariert haben.“ (He will have repaired the car by tomorrow.)
  • „In einer Stunde wird er angekommen sein.“ (He will have arrived in one hour from now.)
  • „Du wirst die Prüfung bestanden haben.“ (You will have passed the exam.)
  • „Er wird hingefallen sein.“ (He probably fell.)
  • „Sie wird wohl den Bus verpasst haben.“ (Probably, she has missed the bus.)

Using the Future 2:

For assumptions that an action will be completed in the future (Note: this requires a time specification):

  • „Er wird das Auto morgen repariert haben.“

⇒ We are speaking about a point in time in the future ("morgen" = "tomorrow"). And by this time, the action will be completed. Since it's talking about the future, we can't be 100% sure, so it's an assumption.

Important: you always have to include the time!

For assumptions about an action in the past:

  • „Er wird wohl den Bus verpasst haben.“

⇒ The action has to have been completed (or we think it has been completed!) by the present time → werden + perfect tense

Special offer: 5 Ebooks for Free!

Do you like EasyDeutsch? When you buy my Ebooks, you get exercises and even more simple, easy-to-understand explanations, and you also actively support me. Right now there is an offer where you get all 10 EasyDeutsch ebooks for the price of 5 ebooks! Get my ebooks today at a special price: Yes, I want the ebooks and over 100 bonus lessons!

Forming the Future 2

Futur 2 - Futur 2

„Sein“ or „haben“ as Auxiliary verb

We use „sein“ or „haben“ based on the main verb. Choose the same verb that you would if you were constructing the Perfect Tense.

⇒ Condition, state, or location change, as well as „werden“, „bleiben“ and „sein“: use „sein“ as the helping verb

⇒ All other verbs and all Reflexive Verbs: use „haben“ as the helping verb

  • „Er wird in Berlin angekommen sein.“ (Ortswechsel)

Warning: For conditions / states, always use „sein“. The condition will change from the time of speaking to the point in time that is mentioned.

⇒ Change in Condition ⇒ „sein“

Recommendation: Past Participle (Partizip 2)

For the formation of the future tense 2 you need the participle 2. You should already know it at this level. If you still want to review it, you can find a detailed explanation here: Past Participle (Partizip 2).

Word Order with the Future 2

Word Order Futur 2 - Futur 2

Related Topic:

Entire lesson in German only: Futur 2

Some verbs you have to separate when you conjugate them -  Trennbare Verben (Separable Verbs).

More lessons about Tenses:

What is the general German word order? - Satzbau (Sentence Structure).

You can find an overview of all topics under German Grammar. 

Recommendation: Free video lessons every Tuesday & Thursday

Sign up now: Email German Grammar course

Special offer: 5 Ebooks for free!

All German EasyDeutsch Ebooks - 5 plus 5! (5 x 17 = 85)

Buy 5 Ebooks together now and get the other 5 for free!

  1. EasyGerman - German Grammar (Preview)
  2. DaF Grammar Trainer - 300 Exercises (Preview)
  3. 137 German Prepositions (Preview)
  4. Intensive Trainer: German Prepositions (Preview)
  5. Connectors - Conjunctions, Subjunctions, Conjunctional Adverbs (Preview)
  6. 40+ Grammar Lists - Free (Preview)
  7. Nominative, Accusative, Dative or Genitive? - Free (Preview)
  8. Intensive Trainer: German Cases - Free (Preview)
  9. 200+ pages of Grammar Exercises: Level A1-A2 - Free (Preview)
  10. 200+ pages of Grammar Exercises: Level B1-B2 -Free (Preview)


Over 100 ready-to-teach grammar units on all topics of German grammar (A1-B2)

Perfect as homework or for self-learners!

85€ - 219€

Accept gifts and...