Possessive Articles

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What are Possessive Articles? (Possessivartikel)

Possessive articles indicate who owns what, and thus show ownership and affiliation.

They come before the noun. Sometimes they are also referred to as Possessive Adjectives, Possessive Determiners or Possessive Pronouns (which are similar but not the same as Possessive Articles, although many teachers teach it as the same!)


  • „Das ist Anna. Ihre Katze spielt im Garten.“

The different forms:

The form of the Possessive Article depends on the Person it is referring to:

  • Mein Opa ist 80 Jahre alt. Sein Bruder ist 75 Jahre alt.“
  • „Wie alt ist dein Opa?“

Only the reference person (the "owner") determines which Possessive Article we use, not the case, gender or number.

posssessive articles (Possessivartikel)

Declension of Possessive Articles

Possessive Articles have to be declined, just like all Articles.

  • The Declension is based on the noun that comes after the Possessive Article (what is "owned" or what "belongs" to someone)
  • Declension is the same for all Possessive Articles (meinem, deinem, seinem, ihrem, unserem,...) and is based on the gender, case and number of the noun that is "owned" (and that comes after the Possessive Article).
possessive article declension


  • euer Vater ⇒ euren Vater

If you add an ending to „euer“, you must drop the „e“ in the middle.

Recommendation: Possessive Pronoun

Besides Possessives, there are also Possessive Pronouns. I will explain the difference in a separate lesson: Possessive Pronouns.

Analysis of an Example:

Possessivartikel Example

The person of reference is Anna. Possessive: 3. Person Feminine ⇒ ihr

„Katze“ is the noun to whom the article belongs to.

⇒ Number: Singular (only one Cat)

⇒ Gender: Feminine (die Katze)

⇒ Cases: Nominative

⇒ Nominative + Singular + Feminine = ihre

More Examples:

A: „Das ist Jens. Sein Auto steht vor unserem Haus.“

B: „Ist Jens dein Freund?“

A: „Ja, Jens ist mein Freund. Er holt mich ab.“

B: „Na dann viel Spaß bei eurem Ausflug.“

A: „Danke, werden wir haben."

Related Topics:

Entire lesson in German only: Possessivartikel

More lessons for the Articles:

In addition to Possessives, there are also Possessivpronomen (Possessive Pronouns), and in addition to Possessives, the Genitive can also express affiliation.

In order for you to correctly decline the Articles, you must also be familiar with Genus (Gender) and the deutschen Fällen (German cases).

You can find an overview of all topics under German Grammar.

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