Conjunctive Adverbs

Bedeutung

K.-adverbien

Aneinanderreihend (kopulativ)

außerdem, zudem, dazu, daneben, darüber hinaus, desgleichen, ebenso, ferner, weiter, zusätzlich

Ort (lokal)

daneben, darüber, darunter, dazwischen

Zeit (temporal)

davor, währenddessen, indessen, danach, anschließend

Grund (kausal)

folglich, demzufolge, demnach, damit, somit, mithin, also, deswegen, deshalb, daher

Folge (konsekutiv)

also, demzufolge, folglich, infolgedessen, mithin, so, somit, deswegen, deshalb

Entgegengesetzt (adversativ)

jedoch, doch, dagegen, stattdessen, hingegen, allerdings, dennoch, indes, indessen, vielmehr, demgegenüber, stattdessen

Einschränkung (restriktiv)

insofern, nur, freilich, allerdings, indessen

Einräumend (konzessiv)

trotzdem, dennoch, dessen ungeachtet, gleichwohl, immerhin, allerdings, sowieso, demzufolge

What are Conjunctive Adverb?

Conjunctive Adverbs are adverbs that combine Sentences, Clauses, Words and Phrases with each other. The difference between Conjunctions and Conjunctive Adverbs is that Conjunctive Adverbs are part of the Clause while Conjunctions are not.

They usually are in Position 1. When they are somewhere else in the sentence, they are generally used as a Modal, Causal, Temporal or Locative Adverb. In this case, the connecting character of those Adverbs is then no longer in the foreground.

Conjunctive Adverbs vs. Conjunctions

The difference between Conjunctive Adverbs and Conjunctions:

Conjunctions are in Position 0, Adverbs in Position 1

  • „Anna kommt später und Jan kommt auch später.“
    Conjunction - Subject - Verb


  • „Anna kommt später, außerdem kommt Jan auch später.“
    Conjunctional Adverb - Verb - Subject

Conjunctive Adverbs never send the verb to the end.

The Different Conjunctive Adverbs

Konjunktionaladverbien

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Summary

  • That means Conjunctive Adverbs are sentence links and Conjunctions are not.
  • Conjunctive Adverbs don't necessarily have to be in Position 1. However, if they are not in Position 1, we often use them as Modal, Causal, Temporal or Locative Adverbs.

Related Topic:

In addition to Conjunctional Adverbs, there are also Conjunctions.
If you are not sure what main clauses and subordinate clauses are, you should take another look at the two topics: The Main Clause and the Subordinate Clause.
For an explanation of sentence structure and word order, see: Sentence Structure.

Other lessons on Adverbs include are:

You can find an overview of all topics under German Grammar.

Bedeutung

K.-adverbien

Aneinanderreihend (kopulativ)

außerdem, zudem, dazu, daneben, darüber hinaus, desgleichen, ebenso, ferner, weiter, zusätzlich

Ort (lokal)

daneben, darüber, darunter, dazwischen

Zeit (temporal)

davor, währenddessen, indessen, danach, anschließend

Grund (kausal)

folglich, demzufolge, demnach, damit, somit, mithin, also, deswegen, deshalb, daher

Folge (konsekutiv)

also, demzufolge, folglich, infolgedessen, mithin, so, somit, deswegen, deshalb

Entgegengesetzt (adversativ)

jedoch, doch, dagegen, stattdessen, hingegen, allerdings, dennoch, indes, indessen, vielmehr, demgegenüber, stattdessen

Einschränkung (restriktiv)

insofern, nur, freilich, allerdings, indessen

Einräumend (konzessiv)

trotzdem, dennoch, dessen ungeachtet, gleichwohl, immerhin, allerdings, sowieso, demzufolge

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